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IT Fundamentals Pro Objectives
TestOut IT Fundamentals Pro Exam Objectives
Computing Basics - Digital Data
Recall significant developments in the history of modern computing.
Identify uses of computers in today's world.
Identify the basic functions of computers.
Recommend computing devices based on user requirements.
Describe ethical considerations related to evolving forms of technology.
Describe the binary number system used by computers to process data.
Define bits and bytes.
Explain how physical signals are translated into digital information.
Describe the most common units of measurement used for storage, throughput, and processing speed.
Describe how audio and video are stored digitally.
Distinguish between raster and vector images.
Select the best format for digital images.
Describe how RGB values determine pixel color.
Compare common image file types.
Describe the difference between lossless and lossy compression algorithms.
Computing Basics - IT Careers
Identify the proper sequence of steps to follow in the troubleshooting methodology.
Describe various careers in computer networking.
Describe various careers in working with databases.
Describe several careers in computer science.
Describe common careers in IT security.
Conduct online research on a career that interests you in information technology.
Hardware - Internal Components
Describe the most common internal components of a typical computer system, including processor, RAM, motherboard, power supply, GPU, NIC, and cooling system.
Distinguish between the two main types of consumer-level CPUs.
Set up a desktop computer system, including peripherals, power cables, and networking cable.
Hardware - Input & Output
Identify common peripheral devices by sight.
Identify common ports and connectors by sight.
Connect cables and peripherals to a computer system.
Select appropriate cables and hardware devices for particular scenarios.
Troubleshoot common problems when installing external devices to a computer system.
Identify the proper cable to connect a computer to an Ethernet port.
Hardware - Storage
Compare and contrast the features of different external storage devices, including hard disk drives, optical drives, flash storage, and solid state drives.
Identify application software that increases personal productivity.
Identify application software that facilitates collaboration.
Identify some common business application software.
Run Windows applications.
Pin applications to the Start Menu and the taskbar.
Unpin applications from the Start Menu and the taskbar.
Create application shortcuts on the Windows desktop.
Open and print a document from Microsoft Word.
Describe Windows printing features.
Connect to a shared printer.
Configure the default printer.
Share a local printer with other users.
Compare and contrast different methods of delivering applications to users.
Describe various ways software applications can be designed for greater scalability and maintenance.
Compare and contrast different software licensing models.
Use various methods to install and use software applications.
Install software patches and updates.
Configure a Windows system for automatic updates.
Operating Systems - System Software
Identify and describe different types of system software.
Identify common operating systems.
Identify and describe components of the Windows 10 operating system.
Change display settings in Windows.
Use the Settings app to view system information.
Configure a screen saver through the Settings app.
Recognize and use utility software.
Use Windows Device Manager to update drivers.
Use Windows Task Manager to prevent applications from running at system startup.
Operating Systems - File Management
Describe common file system features, including compression, encryption, permissions, journaling, and file naming rules.
Compare and contrast common file systems, such as NTFS, FAT32, HFS, and Ext4.
Create folders in the Windows file system.
Copy, rename, and delete files in Windows.
Share a Windows folder with other users and grant them specific access to files within the folder.
Use the Windows Recycle Bin.
Networking - Internet Technologies
Define the Internet and the World Wide Web.
Describe the essential components of the Web, including websites, URLs, hyperlinks, web browsers, and search engines.
Identify technologies that use the Internet, including the Web, email, instant messaging, VoIP, and the Internet of Things.
Identify common web applications, including Webmail, Google Docs, Facebook, and YouTube.
Define and describe the uses of cloud computing.
Define social media and describe its uses.
Recognize the risks and responsibilities of using social media.
Describe the differences between downloading, live streaming, and on-demand streaming.
Copy files from the local Windows file system to OneDrive.
Use a web browser to access the World Wide Web.
Use browser features such as private browsing, bookmarks, and downloading files.
Use a search engine to find and evaluate web content.
Identify reliable academic sources online.
Distinguish between primary, secondary, and tertiary sources.
Describe key browser and website features, including plug-ins, client-side scripting, certificates, caching, and proxy settings.
Configure browser privacy and security features such as pop-up blockers, location tracking, and cookies.
Troubleshoot common browser problems.
Networking - Network Configuration
Define some advantages of computer networking.
Describe the relationship between ISPs and the Internet.
Explain the role of clients and servers on a network.
Compare and contrast different Internet Service options.
Use a cable modem to connect a small home office network to the Internet.
Use an Ethernet cable to connect a workstation to a local area network.
Describe basic Internet protocols.
Compare and contrast wireless network standards.
Describe how networking devices transmit data to the right location on a network.
Connect to a public WiFi network.
Connect to a secure wireless network.
Databases - Database Types
Describe the purposes of a relational database.
Define basic relational database terminology, including fields, records, primary keys, foreign keys, and one-to-many relationships.
Describe the basic functions of a non-relational database.
Describe the purpose of a database management system.
Use Microsoft Access to explore database objects and create table relationships.
Databases - Database Access
Explain what SQL is and interpret a basic SQL query.
Compare and contrast different methods of accessing data from a database.
Define the term Big Data and describe its related challenges and opportunities.
Use Microsoft Access to perform basic queries on a database.
Programming - Programming Concepts
Explain what computer programming is and why it is useful.
Describe the difference between developing computer programs and using software packages.
Describe the purpose of programming logic, including branching and looping.
Analyze and understand pseudocode and programming logic flowcharts.
Programming - Programming Languages
Compare and contrast different programming language categories.
Compare and contrast fundamental data types used in computer programming.
Describe the purpose of programming constructs such as variables, arrays, and functions.
Explain the advantages of Object-Oriented Programming.
Security - Security Threats
Explain how much privacy you can expect when using the Internet for social networking, file sharing, and financial transactions.
Explain how much privacy you can expect when using computers at work.
Describe the most common threats to data confidentiality.
Describe the most common threats to data integrity.
Describe the most common threats to data availability.
Identify common social engineering techniques used by hackers to gain access to online data.
Evaluate email messages to determine if they represent a possible social engineering attack.
Security - Device Security
Describe the most common authentication types and when to use them.
Explain the purpose of multifactor authentication.
Describe various models for creating and maintaining access control lists.
Explain why access control frameworks need to keep track of who gains access to the system.
Describe the basics of data encryption.
Describe the most important safeguards in protecting yourself from Internet security risks.
Describe best practices for using secure passwords.
Define different kinds of malware and know how to avoid them.
Safely spend money on the Internet.
Configure Windows Defender to protect your home computer from malware.
Configure Windows Firewall for different networks.
Security - Corporate Data Security
Define data, network, and power redundancy and explain how they contribute to fault tolerance.
Explain why it's important to back up data files.
Describe backup procedures for different types of data.
Explain the purpose of business continuity plans.
Describe the common components of a disaster recovery plan.
Configure Windows backup settings.
Information Systems - Systems Design
Describe the components of an information system and how they fit together.
Compare and contrast different types of information systems, including transaction processing, management information systems, and expert systems.
Identify the traditional stages of the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC).
Describe modern alternatives to a linear process of systems analysis and design.
Describe the role of project management in the design and implementation of information systems.
Information Systems - Data Analysis
Describe the relationship between data and information assets.
Identify the basic steps in the data analytics process.
Information Systems - Intellectual Property
Describe the implications of copyright and intellectual property laws for Internet use.
Compare and contrast classification schemes for handling confidential information.
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